**Stroke Play **Competition between two or more players where the object is to complete the round with the fewest number of **total strokes **using the players handicap.
**Match Pllay** is a competition format in which the round is played with the goal of winning individual holes. For example, on No. 1, you score 4 and your opponent gets a 5 - you win the hole.
Scoring is kept by comparing the holes won by each player. If each has won the same number of holes, the match is said to be "all square". If you have won 4 holes and your opponent has won 3, you are said to be "1-up" while your foe is "1-down."
Final score reflects the margin of victory and the hole at which the match ended. If the match goes the full 18 holes, the score would be 1-up or 2-up. If it ends before the 18th, the score would look like "3-and-2" (the winner was 3 holes up with only two holes to play, thus ending the match early).
**Stableford Scoring **An alternative method of keeping score. Instead of counting strokes, points are awarded to each player based upon the outcome of each hole. The Stableford Scoring System awards a single point for a bogey; two points for a par; three for a birdie, etc. Variations of the actual number of points awarded for each outcome are known as "Modified Stableford Scoring". Stableford Scoring values can be tailored by tournament promoters to encourage risky play by increasing the rewards for achieving birdies and eagles... and removing the penalties for bad outcomes. The most common modification is to award one point for each par, two for each birdie, three for each eagle, etc. This way, the penalty for missing par is the same no matter how big a mistake is made. You simply get zero points whether you finish the hole one-over, two-over or even worse.
**Scramble** A type of team golf game, often used in tournaments, where all members of the team hit from the same spot throughout the hole, using the best shot each time to determine the location of the next shot. For example, all team members hit their tee shots. The location of the best tee shot becomes the spot from which all team members hit their second shots. This "best ball" play continues until with each round of shots counting as one stroke for the group, until a final group score is posted for the hole.
**Best Ball** a type of golf tournament where each golfer plays his/her own ball from start to finish but the team score for each hole is determined by the best score of all the team members. The 'best scores' are then totaled for the final 18 hole score. There can be two, three or four golfers on each team.
**Four Ball **A form of match play. Two players from one team compete against two players of the other. All four players play their own ball through the entire course. At the end of each hole, the best score of the two on Team A is compared to the best score of the two on Team B to determine which team wins the hole. After 18 holes, the team which won the most holes wins the match.
**Double Peoria **Six of the eighteen holes are secretly selected as special holes. None of the competitors are supposed to know which of the eighteen holes are the special six. Those six holes should be two par threes, two par fours and two par fives. If you can, try to select one of each kind from the front and back nines. As each player finishes and turns in a score card, add up the scores on each of those six special holes. Multiply this total by three. Then subtract par for the course. The resulting figure serves as that player's Peoria Handicap... just for use with this event. As with any handicap, subtract the Peoria Handicap from the player's gross total to calculate the player's net score, which is what you'll be using to determine the winner.
**The Callaway System **A formula for handicapping one-time events, where it is difficult for all participants to provide a true handicap beforehand. Said to originate at Pinehurst by the late Lionel Callaway. This system becomes useful for company tournaments, where some competitors may not have played in several months or simply don't play often enough to warrant obtaining a formal handicap. The actual formula used varies from event to event. But the principle behind the formula is as follows:
The gross score is applied to a chart which replies with two figures. One figure indicates the number of __highest hole scores__ that are to be deducted from the gross score. The second figure is a fine-tuning adjustment value. Please note that Callaway refers to a **handicap system**. It is not a scoring system, such as Stableford. When you run a Callaway event, |